Specific Medical Tests or Examinations Published in the Literature
for OSHA-Regulated Substances

Cadmium dust and fume

CAS No: Varies

NOTE:
(1) Efficacy of Medical Tests has not been evaluated.
(2) NIOSH references include diagnostic, screening, and other tests.
(3) OSHA mandated medical tests, if any, are provided in BOLD on a yellow background.
(4) This HTML page was created from DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 2005-11O. December 2004.
(5) If a medical test/examination contains multiple references, each is listed separately.

Editor(s) / Author(s)
Specific Medical Test(s)
or Examination(s)
Reference(s)

US DOL OSHA.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Code of Federal Regulations. 29 CFR Part 1910.1000. Subpart Z. Air Contaminants. US Government Printing Office. July 1, 2004.

Baselt RC.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals. 3rd Edition. Chemical Toxicology Institute,1997.

Linch AL.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring for Industrial Chemical Exposure Control. CRC Press. 1974.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Methods for Biological Monitoring A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

Ho MH, Dillon HK.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Chemicals. Organic Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1987.

ACGIH.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

Clarkson TW, Friberg L, Nordberg GF, Sager PR.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals. Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1988.

LaDou J, ed.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 2nd Edition. Appleton and Lange. 1997.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



NIOSH Manual of Analytical Methods. 4th Edition. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-113.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Whole Blood (chemical/metabolite)



Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

US DOL OSHA.

Urinalysis (routine)
  • -2 Microglobulin in Urine


Code of Federal Regulations. 29 CFR Part 1910.1000. Subpart Z. Air Contaminants. US Government Printing Office. July 1, 2004.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Blood Gas Analysis



Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Biologic Tissue/Biopsy



Methods for Biological Monitoring A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Complete Blood Count



Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Chest X-ray



NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 19811995.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Chest X-ray



Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Electrocardiogram



Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Liver Function Tests



NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 19811995.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Pulmonary Function Tests
  • Forced Vital Capacity
  • Forced Expiratory Volume (1 sec)


NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 19811995.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Pulmonary Function Tests
  • Forced Vital Capacity
  • Forced Expiratory Volume (1 sec)


Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Sputum Cytology



Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

Baselt RC.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring Methods for Industrial Chemicals. 3rd Edition. Chemical Toxicology Institute,1997.

Linch AL.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring for Industrial Chemical Exposure Control. CRC Press. 1974.

Lauwerys RR, Hoet P.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Industrial Chemical Exposure. Guidelines for Biological Monitoring. 3rd Edition. Lewis Publishers. CRC Press, Inc. 2001.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

Kneip TJ, Crable JV.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Methods for Biological Monitoring A Manual for Assessing Human Exposure to Hazardous Substances. Am Public Health Association. 1988.

Ho MH, Dillon HK.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Chemicals. Organic Compounds. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1987.

ACGIH.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



2004 Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. ACGIH Worldwide. 2004.

Clarkson TW, Friberg L, Nordberg GF, Sager PR.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring of Toxic Metals. Plenum Publishing Corporation. 1988.

Dillon HK, Ho MH.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Biological Monitoring of Exposure to Chemicals. Metals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1991.

LaDou J, ed.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Occupational & Environmental Medicine. 2nd Edition. Appleton and Lange. 1997.

Fiserova-Bergerova V, Vlach J.

Urine (chemical/metabolite)



Timing of sample collection for biological monitoring of occupational exposure. Ann Occup Hyg 41/3:345-353, 1997.

Proctor NH, Hughes JP.

Urinalysis (routine)



Chemical Hazards of the Workplace. JB Lippincott Company. 1978.

US DHHS PHS CDC NIOSH and US DOL OSHA.

Urinalysis (routine)
  • Cytology


NIOSH/OSHA Occupational Health Guidelines for Chemical Hazards DHHS (NIOSH) Pub No. 81-123; 88-118; Suppls. I-IV. 19811995.