NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Cadmium dust (as Cd)

CAS 7440-43-9 (metal)

Cd (metal)

RTECS EU9800000 (metal)
Synonyms & Trade Names
Cadmium metal: Cadmium
Other synonyms vary depending upon the specific cadmium compound.
DOT ID & Guide
2570 154 (cadmium compound)


NIOSH REL*: Ca See Appendix A [*Note: The REL applies to all Cadmium compounds (as Cd).]
OSHA PEL*: [1910.1027] TWA 0.005 mg/m3 [*Note: The PEL applies to all Cadmium compounds (as Cd).]
IDLH Ca [9 mg/m3 (as Cd)] See: IDLH INDEX Conversion
Physical Description
Metal: Silver-white, blue-tinged lustrous, odorless solid.
MW: 112.4
BP: 1409°F
MLT: 610°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP: 0 mmHg (approx)

Sp.Gr: 8.65 (metal)
Fl.P: NA

Metal: Noncombustible Solid in bulk form, but will burn in powder form.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers; elemental sulfur, selenium & tellurium
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 7048, 7300, 7301, 7303, 9102; OSHA ID121, ID125G, ID189, ID206
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation (See protection)
Skin: No recommendation
Eyes: No recommendation
Wash skin: Daily
Remove: No recommendation
Change: Daily

First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Important additional information about respirator selection
Respirator Recommendations (See Appendix E) NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator with an N100, R100, or P100 filter. Click here for information on selection of N, R, or P filters./Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, ingestion
Symptoms Pulmonary edema, dyspnea (breathing difficulty), cough, chest tightness, substernal (occurring beneath the sternum) pain; headache; chills, muscle aches; nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; anosmia (loss of the sense of smell), emphysema, proteinuria, mild anemia; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs respiratory system, kidneys, prostate, blood

Cancer Site [prostatic & lung cancer]
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0020   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0035