NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Ethylene chlorohydrin

CAS 107-07-3


RTECS KK0875000
Synonyms & Trade Names
2-Chloroethanol, 2-Chloroethyl alcohol, Ethylene chlorhydrin
DOT ID & Guide
1135 131


NIOSH REL: C 1 ppm (3 mg/m3) [skin]
OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (16 mg/m3) [skin]
IDLH 7 ppm See: 107073 Conversion 1 ppm = 3.29 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a faint, ether-like odor.
MW: 80.5
BP: 262°F
FRZ: -90°F
Sol: Miscible
VP: 5 mmHg
IP: 10.90 eV

Sp.Gr: 1.20
Fl.P: 140°F
UEL: 15.9%
LEL: 4.9%

Class IIIA Combustible Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 140F and below 200F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, strong caustics, water or steam
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 2513; OSHA 7
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation (See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Water flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Important additional information about respirator selection
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
Up to 7 ppm:
(APF = 10) Any supplied-air respirator*
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation mucous membrane; nausea, vomiting; dizziness, incoordination; numbness; visual disturbance; headache; thirst; delirium; low blood pressure; collapse, shock, coma; liver, kidney damage
Target Organs respiratory system, liver, kidneys, central nervous system, cardiovascular system, eyes
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0236   See MEDICAL TESTS: 0101