NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Turpentine

CAS 8006-64-2

C10H16 (approx)

RTECS YO8400000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Gumspirits, Gum turpentine, Spirits of turpentine, Steam distilled turpentine, Sulfate wood turpentine, Turps, Wood turpentine
DOT ID & Guide
1299 128

Exposure
Limits

NIOSH REL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL: TWA 100 ppm (560 mg/m3)
IDLH 800 ppm See: 8006642 Conversion 1 ppm = 5.56 mg/m3 (approx)
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a characteristic odor.
MW: 136 (approx)
BP: 309-338°F
FRZ: -58 to -76°F
Sol: Insoluble
VP: 4 mmHg
IP: ?

Sp.Gr: 0.86
Fl.P: 95°F
UEL: ?
LEL: 0.8%

Class IC Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. at or above 73F and below 100F.
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers, chlorine, chromic anhydride, stannic chloride, chromyl chloride
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1551
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation (See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation

First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap wash promptly
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Important additional information about respirator selection
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH/OSHA
Up to 800 ppm:
(APF = 25) Any supplied-air respirator operated in a continuous-flow mode
(APF = 25) Any powered, air-purifying respirator with organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any chemical cartridge respirator with a full facepiece and organic vapor cartridge(s)
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister
(APF = 50) Any self-contained breathing apparatus with a full facepiece
(APF = 50) Any supplied-air respirator with a full facepiece
Emergency or planned entry into unknown concentrations or IDLH conditions:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
Escape:
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, nose, throat; headache, dizziness, convulsions; skin sensitization; hematuria (blood in the urine), proteinuria; kidney damage; abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea; chemical pneumonitis (aspiration liquid)
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, kidneys
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 1063