NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards

Methyl iodide

CAS 74-88-4


RTECS PA9450000
Synonyms & Trade Names
Iodomethane, Monoiodomethane
DOT ID & Guide
2644 151


NIOSH REL: Ca TWA 2 ppm (10 mg/m3) [skin] See Appendix A
OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm (28 mg/m3) [skin]
IDLH Ca [100 ppm] See: 74884 Conversion 1 ppm = 5.80 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless liquid with a pungent, ether-like odor. [Note: Turns yellow, red, or brown on exposure to light & moisture.]
MW: 141.9
BP: 109°F
FRZ: -88°F
Sol: 1%
VP: 400 mmHg
IP: 9.54 eV

Sp.Gr: 2.28
Fl.P: NA

Noncombustible Liquid
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers [Note: Decomposes at 518°F.]
Measurement Methods
NIOSH 1014
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation (See protection)
Skin: Prevent skin contact
Eyes: Prevent eye contact
Wash skin: When contaminated
Remove: When wet or contaminated
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Eyewash, Quick drench
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Irrigate immediately
Skin: Soap flush immediately
Breathing: Respiratory support
Swallow: Medical attention immediately
Important additional information about respirator selection
Respirator Recommendations NIOSH
At concentrations above the NIOSH REL, or where there is no REL, at any detectable concentration:
(APF = 10,000) Any self-contained breathing apparatus that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode
(APF = 10,000) Any supplied-air respirator that has a full facepiece and is operated in a pressure-demand or other positive-pressure mode in combination with an auxiliary self-contained positive-pressure breathing apparatus
(APF = 50) Any air-purifying, full-facepiece respirator (gas mask) with a chin-style, front- or back-mounted organic vapor canister/Any appropriate escape-type, self-contained breathing apparatus
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin absorption, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact
Symptoms Irritation eyes, skin, respiratory system; nausea, vomiting; dizziness, ataxia; slurred speech, drowsiness; dermatitis; [potential occupational carcinogen]
Target Organs Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system

Cancer Site [in animals: lung, kidney & forestomach tumors]
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0509