NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards


CAS 106-97-8


RTECS EJ4200000
Synonyms & Trade Names
normal-Butane, Butyl hydride, Diethyl, Methylethylmethane [Note: Also see specific listing for Isobutane.]
DOT ID & Guide
1011 115
1075 115


NIOSH REL: TWA 800 ppm (1900 mg/m3)
OSHA PEL†: none
IDLH N.D. See: IDLH INDEX Conversion 1 ppm = 2.38 mg/m3
Physical Description
Colorless gas with a gasoline-like or natural gas odor. [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas. A liquid below 31°F.]
MW: 58.1
BP: 31°F
FRZ: -217°F
Sol: Slight
VP: 2.05 atm
IP: 10.63 eV
RGasD: 2.11
Sp.Gr: 0.6 (Liquid at 31°F)
Fl.P: NA (Gas)
UEL: 8.4%
LEL: 1.6%

Flammable Gas
Incompatibilities & Reactivities
Strong oxidizers (e.g., nitrates & perchlorates), chlorine, fluorine, (nickel carbonyl + oxygen)
Measurement Methods
See: NMAM or OSHA Methods
Personal Protection & Sanitation (See protection)
Skin: Frostbite
Eyes: Frostbite
Wash skin: No recommendation
Remove: When wet (flammable)
Change: No recommendation
Provide: Frostbite wash
First Aid (See procedures)
Eye: Frostbite
Skin: Frostbite
Breathing: Respiratory support

Important additional information about respirator selection
Respirator Recommendations Not available.
Exposure Routes inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid)
Symptoms Drowsiness, narcosis, asphyxia; liquid: frostbite
Target Organs central nervous system
See also: INTRODUCTION   See ICSC CARD: 0232